An in-depth understanding of energy technology, sources, conversion, storage, transport and conservation is crucial for developing a sustainable and economically viable energy infrastructure. This need, for example, is addressed in university courses with a special focus on the energy mix of renewable and depletable energy resources. Energy makes our lives comfortable, and the existence of amenities such as heaters, cars, warm water, household appliances and electrical light is characteristic for a developed economy. Supplying the industrial or individual energy consumer with energy 24 hours a day is a non-trivial challenge, especially in times where the energy is coming from very diverse resources such as oil, gas, nuclear fuels, wind, sun, or waves. This book gives physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science students insights in the basics of energy and energy technology. It was developed along a successful course for advanced bachelor or graduate students and is written in a didactic style. The problems and solutions at the end of each chapter are ideal for exams and make self-study easy. Topics covered include energy from fossil and nuclear fuels, renewable sources, energy transport, storage, and conservation.
Cyberpower entwickelt und produziert Überspannungsschutz für Anwendungen zu Hause, im Heimbüro und im Unternehmen. Die Modelle Essential, Home/Office und Professional verfügen über Merkmale wie MOV-geschützte Steckdosen und die integrierte automatische Abschaltung. Sie schützen Geräte wie Computer und Elektronik vor Schäden durch Überspannung und Blitze. Der Koax/Kabel und Datenleitungsschutz sichert Telekommunikationsgeräte und Audio/Video Anwendungen vor ungeliebten Störungen. Alle Modelle kommen mit einer lebenslangen Garantie und beinhalten eine Geräteschutzversicherung für angeschlossene Geräte. Damit sind Ihre Geräte in allen Bereichen vollständig geschützt! Mit zusätzlichen Überspannungsschutz für RJ11 (TEL/FAX).
Cyberpower entwickelt und produziert Überspannungsschutz für Anwendungen zu Hause, im Heimbüro und im Unternehmen. Die Modelle Essential, Home/Office und Professional verfügen über Merkmale wie MOV-geschützte Steckdosen und die integrierte automatische Abschaltung. Sie schützen Geräte wie Computer und Elektronik vor Schäden durch Überspannung und Blitze. Der Koax/Kabel und Datenleitungsschutz sichert Telekommunikationsgeräte und Audio/Video Anwendungen vor ungeliebten Störungen. Alle Modelle kommen mit einer lebenslangen Garantie und beinhalten eine Geräteschutzversicherung für angeschlossene Geräte. Damit sind Ihre Geräte in allen Bereichen vollständig geschützt!
This book focuses on how the energetic efficiency of biofuel production systems can be modeled. It provides engineers and economists with an essential grasp of biofuel production systems performance, as it includes results of mathematical modeling and computer simulations concerning the performance of real-world biofuel production systems. The book also indicates the limitations on biofuel production´s ability to ensure sustainability and the energetic self-sufficiency of agriculture, helping politicians and other decision-makers to choose between various legal and economic options.
Water is necessary for all living being. It is solitary the most essential constituent for the sustenance of mankind. To improve quality of drinking water various methods are used by people but all methods uses energy . Water Distillation using solar energy is a vital technique in achieving distilled water and it the cheapest method. In this work, comparative study between single slope solar still and hybrid solar still is carried out. A hybrid solar system is fabricated by using single basin solar still and thermosiphon heat pipes for different water depth using experimental and CFD tool. - A solar still of 1000 mm length, 500 mm width and 26 ° of slope angle is fabricated. - Latent heat storage and sensible heat storage materials have been compared for achieving best productivity of solar still. - Thermosiphon heat pipe is installed in solar still to achieving hot water along with distilled water. - The metallic chips, jute cloth, nano fluids and the paraffin wax is used as enhancement techniques - Hybrid solar still is designed and validated using numerical and experimental techniques and novel work is done by using unique combination of nano fluid in basin of solar still.
The book presents a broad overview of emerging smart grid technologies and communication systems, offering a helpful guide for future research in the field of electrical engineering and communication engineering. It explores recent advances in several computing technologies and their performance evaluation, and addresses a wide range of topics, such as the essentials of smart grids for fifth generation (5G) communication systems. It also elaborates the role of emerging communication systems such as 5G, internet of things (IoT), IEEE 802.15.4 and cognitive radio networks in smart grids. The book includes detailed surveys and case studies on current trends in smart grid systems and communications for smart metering and monitoring, smart grid energy storage systems, modulations and waveforms for 5G networks. As such, it will be of interest to practitioners and researchers in the field of smart grid and communication infrastructures alike.
The informal style of Laser Material Processing (4th Edition) will guide you smoothly from the basics of laser physics to the detailed treatment of all the major materials processing techniques for which lasers are now essential. . Helps you to understand how the laser works and to decide which laser is best for your purposes. . New chapters on laser physics, drilling, micro- and nanomanufacturing and biomedical laser processing reflect the changes in the field since the last edition, updating and completing the range of practical knowledge about the processes possible with lasers already familiar to established users of this well-known text. . Provides a firm grounding in the safety aspects of laser use. . Now with end-of-chapter exercises to help students assimilate information as they learn. . The authors´ lively presentation is supported by a number of original cartoons by Patrick Wright and Noel Ford which will bring a smile to your face and ease the learning process.
A comprehensive review of the theory and practice for designing, operating, and optimizing electric distribution systems, revised and updated Now in its second edition, Electric Distribution Systems has been revised and updated and continues to provide a two-tiered approach for designing, installing, and managing effective and efficient electric distribution systems. With an emphasis on both the practical and theoretical approaches, the text is a guide to the underlying theory and concepts and provides a resource for applying that knowledge to problem solving. The authors--noted experts in the field--explain the analytical tools and techniques essential for designing and operating electric distribution systems. In addition, the authors reinforce the theories and practical information presented with real-world examples as well as hundreds of clear illustrations and photos. This essential resource contains the information needed to design electric distribution systems that meet the requirements of specific loads, cities, and zones. The authors also show how to recognize and quickly respond to problems that may occur during system operations, as well as revealing how to improve the performance of electric distribution systems with effective system automation and monitoring. This updated edition: * Contains new information about recent developments in the field particularly in regard to renewable energy generation * Clarifies the perspective of various aspects relating to protection schemes and accompanying equipment * Includes illustrative descriptions of a variety of distributed energy sources and their integration with distribution systems * Explains the intermittent nature of renewable energy sources, various types of energy storage systems and the role they play to improve power quality, stability, and reliability Written for engineers in electric utilities, regulators, and consultants working with electric distribution systems planning and projects, the second edition of Electric Distribution Systems offers an updated text to both the theoretical underpinnings and practical applications of electrical distribution systems.
The aim of this book is to analyze the relationship between renewable energy sources and citizens, focusing both on demand and supply. Today, the consequences regarding the use of fossil energy are seen from a different perspective because the issues related to climate change are evident worldwide. Thus, climate change and resource depletion are real problems to be addressed for the welfare of society. Renewable energy sources (RES) are essential to reduce polluting emissions, but they can produce a range of environmental effects which might be detrimental to human activities as attested by the several types of the Nimby effect (´´Not In My Back Yard´´). This is because infrastructure siting usually offers different pros and cons to stakeholders and the local populations affected. Nevertheless empirical evidence shows that in many countries, society is willing to pay a significant amount to facilitate adoption of renewable technologies. With RES, citizens are called on to play a dual role - not only that of end consumers but often also stakeholders in the local production process. In this book we try to deal with this dual role played by the citizens to evaluate the actual public acceptance of RES. We address a specific and important area of the economic analysis: willingness to pay (WTP) and willingness to accept (WTA). The research evaluates the attitude of citizens towards the end use of green energy by investigating the likelihood of acceptance of a new infrastructures related to RES production. The book, therefore, is not about how to reconcile consumers and citizens, rather it explores the main determinants of peoples´ behavior for a better understanding of this phenomenon.
Volume 2 is the most comprehensive and detailed encyclopedia of solar energy and technology available today, containing all essential solar terms in one place. A convenient source for spelling, classifications, and concise definitions of terms encountered in the study, reading, and practice of solar technologies. The scope of the encyclopedia includes all terms of importance and topics of primary significance in the field. As the solar field is one of the fastest growing and changing sectors in the energy industry today, the ambition of this encyclopedia is to cover all key state-of-the-art solar components and technologies, including photovoltaic appliances and systems, solar-thermal systems, nanophotovoltaics, semiconductor materials and technologies, energy storage systems, software applications, solar architecture, measuring devices, units of measurements, mounting systems and components, hybrid power systems, solar occupations, infrastructure, rules and regulations, economics, and much more. Written in a clear, precise, and easy-to-understand style, the encyclopedia is equally accessible to solar specialists and laymen. It is ideal for students, solar enthusiasts, and solar professionals, such as solar technicians, electricians, installers, engineers, scientists, designers, architects, managers, salesmen, marketing specialists, attorneys, writers, and translators. Over 8000 entries used every day in the solar field - Accurate and up-to-date explanations of solar terms that keep the meaning in focus and provide the context in which terms are used Abbreviations and acronyms - Explanation of what they stand for, with links to the complete definitions Synonyms and related concepts - Help users identify words with identical or similar meaning References to related terms - Full cross-referencing between entries widens the semantic scope of terms and provides helpful links for further exploration Illustrations - Provide visual aids, offering additional clarification for complex concepts Names of important solar and sustainable energy organizations