An in-depth understanding of energy technology, sources, conversion, storage, transport and conservation is crucial for developing a sustainable and economically viable energy infrastructure. This need, for example, is addressed in university courses with a special focus on the energy mix of renewable and depletable energy resources. Energy makes our lives comfortable, and the existence of amenities such as heaters, cars, warm water, household appliances and electrical light is characteristic for a developed economy. Supplying the industrial or individual energy consumer with energy 24 hours a day is a non-trivial challenge, especially in times where the energy is coming from very diverse resources such as oil, gas, nuclear fuels, wind, sun, or waves. This book gives physics, chemistry, engineering, and materials science students insights in the basics of energy and energy technology. It was developed along a successful course for advanced bachelor or graduate students and is written in a didactic style. The problems and solutions at the end of each chapter are ideal for exams and make self-study easy. Topics covered include energy from fossil and nuclear fuels, renewable sources, energy transport, storage, and conservation.
Cyberpower entwickelt und produziert Überspannungsschutz für Anwendungen zu Hause, im Heimbüro und im Unternehmen. Die Modelle Essential, Home/Office und Professional verfügen über Merkmale wie MOV-geschützte Steckdosen und die integrierte automatische Abschaltung. Sie schützen Geräte wie Computer und Elektronik vor Schäden durch Überspannung und Blitze. Der Koax/Kabel und Datenleitungsschutz sichert Telekommunikationsgeräte und Audio/Video Anwendungen vor ungeliebten Störungen. Alle Modelle kommen mit einer lebenslangen Garantie und beinhalten eine Geräteschutzversicherung für angeschlossene Geräte. Damit sind Ihre Geräte in allen Bereichen vollständig geschützt! Mit zusätzlichen Überspannungsschutz für RJ11 (TEL/FAX).
Cyberpower entwickelt und produziert Überspannungsschutz für Anwendungen zu Hause, im Heimbüro und im Unternehmen. Die Modelle Essential, Home/Office und Professional verfügen über Merkmale wie MOV-geschützte Steckdosen und die integrierte automatische Abschaltung. Sie schützen Geräte wie Computer und Elektronik vor Schäden durch Überspannung und Blitze. Der Koax/Kabel und Datenleitungsschutz sichert Telekommunikationsgeräte und Audio/Video Anwendungen vor ungeliebten Störungen. Alle Modelle kommen mit einer lebenslangen Garantie und beinhalten eine Geräteschutzversicherung für angeschlossene Geräte. Damit sind Ihre Geräte in allen Bereichen vollständig geschützt!
This book addresses energy footprints in the food and textile sectors. Each footprint case study presents essential background information and discusses the scientific consensus, methodological framework, assessment checklist, calculation tools and techniques, applications, challenges and limitations. More importantly, the book explores the application of each indicator/framework in various industrial sectors and the associated challenges, as well as outlooks for the future - essential considerations, given that energy consumption and conservation are the primary elements in any industry´s sustainability strategy.
Oliver D. Doleski schildert vor dem Hintergrund, dass traditionelle Geschäftsmodelle der Energiewirtschaft angesichts von Digitalisierung und Dezentralisierung hinfällig werden, den epochalen Veränderungsprozess vom monopolistischen Versorgungs- zum digitalen Energiedienstleistungsunternehmen. Das kompakte essential beschränkt sich dabei nicht nur auf die reine Beschreibung des Transformationsprozesses. Vielmehr bietet es dem Leser darüber hinaus sowohl einen prägnanten Überblick über profitable Betätigungsfelder digitaler Energiedienstleistungsunternehmen (Utility 4.0) als auch eine anwendungsorientierte Methode zur Realisierung neuer Geschäftsideen in der digitalen Energiewelt von morgen. Mit einem intuitiv verständlichen Leitfaden zur praktischen Umsetzung der digitalen Transformation in der Energiewirtschaft schließt das Buch.
The informal style of Laser Material Processing (4th Edition) will guide you smoothly from the basics of laser physics to the detailed treatment of all the major materials processing techniques for which lasers are now essential. . Helps you to understand how the laser works and to decide which laser is best for your purposes. . New chapters on laser physics, drilling, micro- and nanomanufacturing and biomedical laser processing reflect the changes in the field since the last edition, updating and completing the range of practical knowledge about the processes possible with lasers already familiar to established users of this well-known text. . Provides a firm grounding in the safety aspects of laser use. . Now with end-of-chapter exercises to help students assimilate information as they learn. . The authors´ lively presentation is supported by a number of original cartoons by Patrick Wright and Noel Ford which will bring a smile to your face and ease the learning process.
This book shows the promising future and essential issues on the storage of the supercritical gases, including hydrogen, methane and carbon dioxide, by adsorption with controlling the gas-solid interaction by use of designed nanoporous materials. It explains the reason why the storage of these gases with adsorption is difficult from the fundamentals in terms of gas-solid interaction. It consists of 14 chapters which describe fundamentals, application, key nanoporous materials (nanoporous carbon, metal organic frame works, zeolites) and their storage performance for hydrogen, methane, and carbon dioxide. Thus, this book appeals to a wide readership of the academic and industrial researchers and it can also be used in the classroom for graduate students focusing on clean energy technology, green chemistry, energy conversion and storage, chemical engineering, nanomaterials science and technology, surface and interface science, adsorption science and technology, carbon science and technology, metal organic framework science, zeolite science, nanoporous materials science, nanotechnology, environmental protection, and gas sensors.
This open access book presents detailed pathways to achieve 100% renewable energy by 2050, globally and across ten geographical regions. Based on state-of-the-art scenario modelling, it provides the vital missing link between renewable energy targets and the measures needed to achieve them. Bringing together the latest research in climate science, renewable energy technology, employment and resource impacts, the book breaks new ground by covering all the elements essential to achieving the ambitious climate mitigation targets set out in the Paris Climate Agreement. For example, sectoral implementation pathways, with special emphasis on differences between developed and developing countries and regional conditions, provide tools to implement the scenarios globally and domestically. Non-energy greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios define a sustainable pathway for land-use change and the agricultural sector. Furthermore, results of the impact of the scenarios on employment and mineral and resource requirements provide vital insight on economic and resource management implications. The book clearly demonstrates that the goals of the Paris Agreement are achievable and feasible with current technology and are beneficial in economic and employment terms. It is essential reading for anyone with responsibility for implementing renewable energy or climate targets internationally or domestically, including climate policy negotiators, policy-makers at all levels of government, businesses with renewable energy commitments, researchers and the renewable energy industry.
Managing Energy Risk A Practical Guide for Risk Management in Power, Gas and Other Energy Markets Second Edition Managing Energy Risk: A Practical Guide for Risk Management in Power, Gas and Other Energy Markets, Second Edition is the essential guide to modern techniques in financial mathematics for trading energy. Following the successful first edition, it addresses the significant developments of energy markets over recent years and contains substantial new material to meet the requirements of these advances. The book covers energy markets for electricity, natural gas, coal, oil and the market for emission certificates. It also focuses on the renewable energy sector, particularly the energy economic principles, value drivers and risks related to hydro, wind, solar and bio energy. This text integrates energy economic approaches, including fundamental market models with financial engineering approaches commonly used in banks and other trading companies. This includes trading, valuation and risk management of spot products, commodity futures and swaps, structured products such as swing contracts and real options like power plants or gas storages. A multi-commodity approach is taken, covering the mutual influences of electricity, fuels and emission markets. Advantages and disadvantages of different modelling and risk management approaches for practical usage are discussed throughout. Written for researchers and professionals, Managing Energy Risk Second Edition, is an ideal reference for those from an energy economics background as well as those with experience in financial mathematics or trading. The book introduces a wide range of theoretical concepts as well as focusing on applications within the energy business.
This book provides a compendium of material properties, demonstrates several successful examples of bio-based materials´ application in building facades, and offers ideas for new designs and novel solutions. It features a state-of-the-art review, addresses the latest trends in material selection, assembling systems, and innovative functions of facades in detail. Selected case studies on buildings from diverse locations are subsequently presented to demonstrate the successful implementation of various biomaterial solutions, which defines unique architectural styles and building functions. The structures, morphologies and aesthetic impressions related to bio-based building facades are discussed from the perspective of art and innovation; essential factors influencing the performance of materials with respect to functionality and safety are also presented. Special emphasis is placed on assessing the performance of a given facade throughout the service life of a building, and after its end. The book not only provides an excellent source of technical and scientific information, but also contributes to public awareness by demonstrating the benefits to be gained from the proper use of bio-based materials in facades. As such, it will appeal to a broad audience including architects, engineers, designers and building contractors.